Body Posture
 
Body language can reveal a lot about a person, including details of person’s level of self-confidence. Self-confidence, or the lack of it, can manifest in many ways, one of which is through a persons posture.

Posture is the way someone carries themselves. It is one of the main factors contributing to a someone's first impressions of another. Making good first impressions can be very beneficial e.g. job interviews.

When someone stands tall, they portray an image of self-confidence. Having a good posture is a quick and effective way of giving a good first impression.

So what is a correct posture? It is keeping your body aligned with it's centre of gravity ; it is a posture where there is musculoskeletal balance. A person with poor posture can easily be spotted, has they tend to slouch with drooping shoulders and head bowed.

There are many probable causes of poor posture?  Some people have genetic conditions, others develop poor posture as a result of  their lifestyle. Young children and adults are at risk because they daily carry carry heavy loads to school and work.  Also, people of all ages, who spend most many hours a day in front of a personal computer and/or television increase the probability that they will develop poor posture.
 
How can poor posture be improved? The first thing is to remember that having correct posture requires a conscious effort and dedication. Here are some tips on how to acquire and maintain correct posture.

At work
• Acquire an ergonomic chair which fits your back.
• Sit with i) your back against the seat, ii) your knees at your hip level and iii) your shoulders should be parallel to your hips.
• Occasionally stretch and walk around a little.

Carrying a bag
• Only carry items that you need to carry, empty and repack your bag periodically.
• If you’re using a backpack, make sure that you put the heavier items close to your back, thus providing support for your back.
• The handles and straps of your bags and backpacks should be padded and wide. In addition backpacks should have hip straps
• Your  backpack should not exceed 15 % of your body weight.

Everyday Living
• Avoid shoes with high heels, as high heels can alter a your centre of gravity which could result in poor posture.
• Exercise regularly, which will help the body become stronger and develop much needed support for your back.

Sleeping
• Avoid sleeping on your stomach. Sleep on your back or on your side.
• If you prefer sleeping on your back, try putting a pillow under your knees to help align your spine. This is also good for blood circulation in the legs.
• If you prefer sleeping on your side, place a pillow between your legs.
• Avoid those over-sized pillows, as they can result in a neck injury.

Developing a good posture requires daily effort and practise. However hard it may seem, it is worth it in the long term.