Body Type
Individuals have a genetically determined natural body type. It' is unrealistic to try to conform to a shape that is a long way from your own;  rather you should work with your natural body type and associated metabolic rate  to obtain and maintain a healthy weight and fitness level.
Broadly speaking, there are 3 main groups of body types, known as Ectomorph, Endomorph, and Mesomorph.


      Ectomorph                       Mesomorph                     Endomorph

Body TypeCharacteristicsExercise
  • Slim, lean, long bones.
  • Low body fat.
  • Low/medium muscle profile.
  • Thin face, long lean legs and arms.
  • Flat abdomen with hollow navel.
  • Frail, delicate body structure.
  • Fast metabolisms.
  • Can eat a lot of food without gaining weight.
  • Usually craves light foods like chicken, fish, and veggies.
  • If you’re an Ectomorph, you should concentrate on gaining weight in the form of good lean muscle tissue.
  • Start with light/moderate resistance training...building up gradually.
  • Your aerobic and other activities should start at a slower pace until you feel comfortable and able to increase time and resistance. 
  • Physique is heavy, hard, and rectangular
  • Muscular body type,  large muscles and large prominent bones.
  • Broad shoulders, large chest, long strong neck, and slender low waist.  i.e. classic 'V' shape.
  • Solid muscle structure and great strength.
  • Adds muscle easily.
  • Medium metabolism.
  • Craves meats and other proteins.

  • If you’re a Mesomorph you probably have a naturally fit body, but you also need to continue to exercise and eat healthy to maintain your physique.
  • Resistance training shoud be done more often than someone who is an Ectomorph, but be careful not to overdo it.
  • Try to take part in aerobic activities, sports, etc. 3-4 times each week.
  • Rounded body type, round face, large abdomen.
  • High body fat/low muscle mass percentage
  • Short arms and legs with a short thin neck.
  • Soft musculature with broad, thick chest and wide hips.
  • Gains weight easily.
  • Slow Metabolism.
  • Craves carbohydrates like, potatoes, chips and chocolate.
  • if you’re an Endomorph, your biggest concern should be trying to lose fat by adopting a routine that will not only help you lose excess body fat, but also help you maintain your lean muscle mass.
  • Resistance training should be done to improve your muscle to fat ratio.
  • Try to exercise (aerobic) 3-4 times a week e.g.  a brisk walk.