Skin Types

Skin, particularly your face is in constant contact with the external environment and is also significantly affected by  internal factors like your  health and lifestyle.

What is your skin type?

There are six basic skin types: normal, oily, dry, combination (two types), sensitive and mature. Tip: To determine what type of skin you have use the bare minimum of skin care products for a few weeks. Wash with warm water and a mild cleanser and do not apply moisturiser unless you have to. The aim is to get your skin to function on its own, so that you can accurately determine the type of skin that you have. e.g. you may find that you do not have dry skin, as you may have thought, but that your cleanser is stripping a way your skins natural oils.

Type
Description 
Care
Normal
Normal Skin is the skin type we'd all love to have. It's balanced, soft, plump and with small to medium sized pores. Normal skin has good elasticity, benefits from a high natural water content and is smooth and firm to the touch.  As you get older, lines will appear around your eyes, forehead and upper lip.
Healthy, normal skin should be cleansed or washed (with mild soap and water) twice daily. This will help to remove any grease, perspiration and dirt. Light moisturiser (heavier in colder climates) with SPF should be applied.
Dry
Dry skin occurs when the dermis does not secrete enough oil, or sebum. The result is tight, drawn, flaky skin and a dull complexion. In more extreme cases, dry skin lacks elasticity and can be extremely sensitive to the sun, wind, and cold temperatures. Dry skin is most common in white/lighter complexions.
Wash your face once a day with a rich, creamy cleanser and warm water. Rinse with cold water and pat your skin dry. Use heavy, oil-based moisturizers and makeup. Avoid toners and makeup that contain alcohol as alcohol-based products have a drying effect on skin.
Oily
 
 
 
Oily skin is highly elastic and usually has a lot of shine to it and the pores are generally enlarged. It is more prone to pimples, blackheads and white-heads than other skin types and is coarser in texture. As you get older, you will have few facial lines.
 
Oily skin will usually leave a transparent mark when a piece of tissue is pressed against it.
Oily skin tends to attract more dirt than dry skin, so wash your face several times a day with a light, non-greasy liquid cleanser soap and warm water. Rinse with cold water. Use toners and astringents containing alcohol to help dry the skin. Buy water-based moisturizers and make-up and use powder to minimize shine.
Combination:
 i) Normal to
   Oily
 
ii) Dry to Oily
People with normal to oily skin generally have normal skin on their cheeks and oily skin with enlarged pores on their T zone, the area that stretches across the forehead and down to the nose and chin.
 
This skin type is marked by oily skin in the T zone and dry, taut skin on the cheeks.
The trick with normal to oily skin is to find products that will keep your skin hydrated, while minimizing breakouts and shine in the oily areas. Look for cleansers designed for combination skin and use a water-based moisturizer, applying it less frequently to oily skin. Products that contain alpha hydroxy acids and vitamin A retinols can help balance combination skin. Use oil-absorbing makeup to reduce shine.
 
Wash your face with cleansers that are designed for combination skin and when using a toner, dilute it with water before applying to your cheeks. Apply moisturizer more frequently to dry skin. Use oil-absorbing makeup to reduce shine.
Sensitive
Sensitive skin irritates easily and is often red and blotchy. This type of skin can have allergic reactions to beauty products and is usually sensitive to the sun, wind, and cold weather.
Look for soap, makeup, and moisturizers that are fragrance-free and hypoallergenic. Wash your face once a day and avoid using skin exfoliants. Use a hypoallergenic toner on oily areas, but discontinue if it causes irritation.
Mature
Mature skin is characterized by wrinkles, shine and thinness, due to the fact that  it has lost its elasticity and part of the underlying fat that is present in younger skin.  Mature skin is inelastic and dry,  resulting in a dull complexion.  Pores are enlarged, with deepening lines around the eyes, nose and forehead. Continued exposure to the sun is now thought to have a bigger effect on visible aging of skin than the aging process itself.
Keep your face clean. Moisturising is important. The the market is flooded with moisturisers and hormone creams that claim to reduce wrinkles.