- Through UV exposure DNA in the cells of our skin is damaged. UV is the major cause of à
- - pigmentation: The most noticeable sun-induced pigment change is a freckle or solar lentigo.
- - Texture Changes: thickening and thinning of the skin. Thick skin is found in coarse wrinkles especially on the back of the neck. These wrinkles do not disappear when the skin is stretched.
- - Blood Vessel Changes: i) the walls of blood vessels become thinner leading to bruising with only minor trauma in sun-exposed areas. ii) the appearance of telangiectasias, tiny blood vessels, in the skin especially on the face.
- - Moles: an increased number of moles in sun-exposed areas.
- - Skin Cancer
Our age is something that we cannot change. Therefore in order to care for your skin, you need to be aware of the inevitable changes that will occur to it over time.
The effects of age on skin:-
- Early 20's: skin is young, fresh and at it's best. This is the time to start looking after it.
- 20's / early 30;s: skin tends to start loosing the 'bloom' of youth and my start showing signs of dryness. If this occurs try switching to a richer moisturiser.
- Mid / late 30's: If you have dry skin, you may begin to notice the emergence of fine lines, this occurs in oily skin at a later stage. At the same time tiny blood vessels may appear
around the cheeks and nose. These can be skilfully hidden with make-up.
- 40's: Skin begins to loose it's tone, strength and elasticity. Wrinkles and bags from, also the skin
dries leaving it loose and flabby.
- Older: Skin is fragile and shows everything more. It is inelastic and flushes easily. Pores become enlarged, and lines deepen around your eyes, mouth and forehead. Older complexion is dull and the skin is dry. There are often broken capillaries on the cheeks and nose.
Exercise and Ageing Skin
- Cold and Wind
- The cold and windy conditions of winter
- à often result in itchy, dry skin. Skin responds by increasing oil production to compensate for the weather's drying effects. A good moisturiser will help ease symptoms of dry skin. Also, drinking lots of water can keep your skin hydrated and looking radiant.
- Oestrogen's helps to keep the skin hydrated soft an subtle.
- - High levels (pill) à Uneven pigmentation
- - Falling levels (after menopause) as cell renewal levels fall à dry and
- susceptible to environmental damage
- - Falling Oestrogen levels (above) results in relatively high levels of testosterone à larger pores, increased oil production and facial hair.
- Nicotine constricts the small blood vessels and decreases the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the epidermis à
- i) is one of the main causes of wrinkles, especially around the mouth.
- ii) increases the time it takes the skin to recover from wounds
- iii) stains the skin
- See Save your skin...stop smoking
- Adrenal gland secretes hormones à stimulates increased oil production from the sebaceous glands.
- Air pollution
Pollution is problematic for your skin for several reasons.
- à Dust can clog pores and increase bacteria on the face, both of which lead to acne or spots.
- à Invisible chemical pollutants in the air can interfere with your skin's natural protection system, breaking down the natural skin's oils that normally trap moisture in your skin and keep it supple. Studies show that pollution can actually cause reactions in the skin that inhibit the way it builds and repairs itself. Remember to thoroughly cleanse your skin each evening to wash away dirt and grime.
- Heavy drinking à constant dilation of the tiny blood vessels in the face, which can lead to a permanent network of reddish capillaries, particularly across nose and cheeks.
- Climate Control,
- Modern living forces our skin to cope with sudden temperature and humidity extremes. à
- i) Winter - We go from cold windy and wet to hot central heated homes and offices and visa versa.
- ii) Summer - During the summer, we escape the hot dry heat by taking refuge in dry, cold air conditioned rooms. Skin is able to adapt to these sudden changes, but it takes it toll.
Diets poor in nutrients e.g. weight reduction diets à dehydration, malnutrition, skin, hair & nail loss and increased susceptibility to infections. Conversely eating a healthy nutritious diet can improve and maintain healthy skin.
Increases circulation and aids the distribution of nutrients and oxygen to the skin. Sweating will also helps to release the dirt from your skin à healthy glow.
Improper skin care can exaggerate any skin condition or skin type. Excessive exfoliation or application of heavy, rich moisturisers on oily skin will stimulate oil production. Bathing or showering in excessively hot water or not using a good moisturiser will dry skin out. Using skin care products that contain harsh or irritating ingredients will increase skin sensitivity. Every skin type benefits from proper skin care. Maintaining a good skin care regimen will help skin achieve maintain balance.